Some of the more useful operators and modifiers for ORPS GUI text searches are described below, along with sample applications.

Explanation of Operators (excluding Wildcards)

AND

Simple Syntax
Example: electric AND safe
Example: electric & safe
Explanation: Locates occurrence reports that contain stemmed variation of the word "electric" (e.g., "electrical," "electricity,", "electrician") and stemmed variation of the word "safe" (e.g., "safety," "safeguard").

NEAR

(The default definition of near is within 100 words)

Simple Syntax
Example: improper package near shipment
Explanation: Locates occurrence reports that contain stemmed variations of the phrase "improper package" (e.g., "improperly packaged,", "improper packaging") and stemmed variations of the word "shipment" (e.g., "shipments") within close proximity to each other.
Explicit Syntax
Example: near((improper package, shipment))
Explanation: Located occurrence reports that contain the literal phrase "improperly packaged" and the literal word "shipment" within close proximity to each other.

NEAR - Specify N number of words

The number tells the system to locate occurrence reports containing two or more word within the N number of words of each other, where N is an integer. The value for N can be between 1 and 100.

Explicit Syntax
Example: near((improper package, shipment, ..a3, ..a4), 10)
Explanation: Locates occurrence reports that contain the literal phrase "improperly packaged" and the literal word "shipment" within 10 words of each other.

OR

Simple Syntax
Example: PEL OR personal exposure limit
Example: PEL | personal exposure limit
Explanation: Located occurrence reports that contain stemmed variations of the word "PEL" or the phrase "personal exposure limit." Only those occurrence reports that contain at least one of the search elements, or a stemmed variation of at least one of them, are retrieved.

 

<PARAGRAPH>  Will work in a WITHIN Query

Locates occurrences that includes all of the search elements you specify within a paragraph.

Simple Syntax
Example: expose <PARAGRAPH> asbestos
Explanation: Located occurrence reports that contain stemmed variations of the word "expose" (e.g., exposure," "exposed") and stemmed variations of the word "asbestos" in the same paragraph.
Explicit Syntax
Example: <PARAGRAPH> ("exposure", "asbestos")
Explanation: Located occurrence reports that contain the literal word "exposure" and the literal word "asbestos" in the same paragraph.

<SENTENCE>  Will work in a WITHIN Query

Simple Syntax
Example: alpha <SENTENCE> contaminate
Explanation: Locates occurrence reports that contain stemmed variations of the word "alpha" and stemmed variations of the word "contaminate" (e.g., "contamination,", "contaminated") in the same sentence.
Explicit Syntax
Example: <SENTENCE> ("alpha", "contamination")
Explanation: Locates occurrence reports that contain the literal word "alpha" and the literal word "contamination" in the same sentence.

<THESAURUS>  Will work once Thesaurus executable is loaded

<THESAURUS> can only be used with simple syntax.

Simple Syntax
Example: <THESAURUS> fatality
Explanation: Locates occurrence reports that contain one or more synonyms of "fatality." The occurrence reports retrieved would include words such as "fatality," "deadly," "lethal," "terminal," or "death".
It is important to note that the thesaurus is very broad. A thesaurus search for the word "death" locates more than 2,000 occurrence reports. This is because the word "loss' is used in the thesaurus as a synonym for death; therefore, records containing information about "loss of control of radioactive materials", "loss of classified material", etc. will be retrieved.

<WORD>

<WORD> can only be used with simple syntax.

Simple Syntax
Example: <WORD> contaminate
Explanation: Locates occurrence reports that include one or more instances of a word you specify. Stemmed variations of the word will not be considered. Note that this is basically the same as using explicit syntax.

Explanation of Wildcard Operators

_

Specifies one of any alphanumeric character.

Example: _at
Explanation: Locates reports that contain any one of the following: "hat," "bat," "cat," "rat," etc.

%

Specifies zero or more of any alphanumeric character.

Example: sa%
Explanation: Locates reports that contain any one of the following: "safety," "saline," "sat," "satisfy," "salient," etc.

[ ] 

Specifies one of any character in a set.

Example: <WILDCARD> `c[aou]t`
Explanation: Locates reports that contain any one of the following: "cat," "cot," "cut."
Note that you must specify the <WILDCARD> operator and enclose the word that includes a set in back quotes (`). Also, there can be no spaces in a set.

{ } 

Specifies one of each pattern separated by a comma.

Example: <WILDCARD> `electri{c, city,, cian}`
Explanation: Locates reports that contain any one of the following: "electric," "electricity," "electrician."
Note that you must specify the <WILDCARD> operator and enclose the word that includes a pattern in back quotes(`), and there can be no spaces in a set.

^ 

Specifies one of any character NOT in the set.

Example: <WILDCARD> `st[^oa]ck`
Explanation: Locates reports that contain "stick" or "stuck," but not "stock" or "stack."
Note that you must specify the <WILDCARD> operator and enclose the word that includes a pattern in back quotes(`), and there can be no spaces in a set.

- 

Specifies a range of characters in a set.

Example: <WILDCARD> `c[a-r]t`
Explanation: Locates reports that contain any three-letter word from "cat" to "crt."
Note that you must specify the <WILDCARD> operator and enclose the word that includes a pattern in back quotes(`), and there can be no spaces in a set.

Explanation of Modifiers

NOT

The NOT modifier is used with a word or phrase to exclude occurrence reports that show evidence of that word or phrase.

Example: electrical AND safety AND violation NOT lockout/tagout
Example: electrical & safety & violation ~ lockout/tagout
Explanation: Only those occurrence reports that contain the words "electrical" and "safety" and "violation" but not the word "lockout/tagout" will be selected.

<ORDER> 

The <ORDER> modifier is used to express the order in which search elements must occur. If search items do not occur in the specified order in an occurrence report, the occurrence report will not be selected. Note that you can only use the <ORDER> modifier with the operators <PARAGRAPH>, <SENTENCE>, and NEAR/N.

Example: <ORDER> <SENTENCE> ("exposure", "100 mrem")
Explanation: Only those occurrence reports that contain the word "exposure" followed by the phrase "100 mrem" in the same sentence are selected.
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