Group 6 - Transportation

Transportation of DOE Hazardous Materials. Transportation occurrences are incidents related to the transportation of DOE materials, including hazardous materials, hazardous substances, and hazardous wastes by vehicular, vessel, air, or rail mode. The requirements for reporting noncompliances and violations associated with such transfers are qualified in this Manual. The Federal regulations for offsite transportation are found in 10 CFR Part 71, 49 CFR Parts 106-180, 200-250, and 350-399, 46 CFR (vessel), ICAO/IATA, IMDG, 14 CFR (aviation), and several DOE Orders. For onsite (within controlled boundaries of DOE facilities), the transportation regulations for hazardous materials transfers are the same as offsite (DOT's Hazardous Materials Regulations) or as defined in an approved facility Transportation Safety Document.

DOE facilities receiving materials from a DOE shipper that are not in compliance with appropriate regulations, as qualified by this Manual, must report the discrepancies to the DOE shipper who will prepare an Occurrence Report and implement suitable corrective actions. If such a shipment is received from a non-DOE shipper and meets the reporting criteria of this Manual, the DOE organization will notify the non-DOE shipper of the apparent noncompliance and will prepare an Occurrence Report stating that the non-DOE shipper has been notified. These reporting criteria are in addition to any required by DOT for contractors subject to the DOT regulations.

Unusual Occurrence

  1. Any packaging or transportation activity (including loading, unloading, or temporary storage) involving the offsite release of radioactive material, etiologic agents, a reportable quantity of hazardous substance, or marine pollutants.
  2. Any shipment of radioactive material that arrives at its destination with radiation or contamination levels greater than DOT limits, or results in personnel radiation exposure higher than permitted in Federal permits, Federal regulations, or DOE standards.
  3. Any shipment or onsite transfer of radioactive material or hazardous waste that arrives at its destination with an unaccounted for package or an irreconcilable shipping paper, waste manifest, or onsite transfer authorization.
  4. A vehicle, vessel, rail or air incident or accident (without personal injury) that presents significant impact on the ability of a facility to conduct transportation operations and: (a) results in release of radioactive or hazardous materials above Federal permit, Federal regulatory, or DOE Standard limits; (b) involves performance degradation of safety equipment; or (c) is the result of failure or degradation of administrative controls required to ensure safety.
  5. Violations of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations or the Hazardous Materials Regulations if those violations are determined by DOT inspection and result in a fine (monetary penalty).

Off-Normal

  1. Any packaging or transportation activity involving: (a) the offsite release of non-radioactive hazardous material, or any quantity of hazardous waste; or (b) the onsite release of radioactive materials, etiologic agents, hazardous substances, hazardous waste, or marine pollutants.
  2. A vehicle, vessel, rail or air incident or accident (without personal injury) that affects the ability of a facility to conduct transportation operations and: (a) results in release of radioactive or hazardous materials below limits established by Federal permits, Federal regulations, or DOE Standard limits but must be reported to State or local agencies; or (b) is the result of operational procedural violations, including maintenance or administrative procedures.
  3. Noncompliances (potential violations) of the DOT Hazardous Materials Regulations or the transportation and packaging requirements of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission involving: (a) errors made by the shipper in materials description, marking, labeling, or placarding; (b) an unqualified person signing shipping papers; (c) the highway routing selection requirements for highway route controlled shipments or the notification requirements for spent-fuel shipments not being observed; (d) the separation and segregation tables for hazardous materials not strictly adhered to; or (e) the applicable packaging requirements for the assembly, handling, or selection of a package not being in accordance with the applicable regulations.
  4. Noncompliances (potential violations) of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations involving: (a) a contractor driver operating a DOE-owned motor vehicle after a positive drug test or failure of an alcohol test; (b) an unqualified driver operating a vehicle (medical, driver's license, or training not in compliance); (c) the carrier (contractor management) not having required insurance; (d) a vehicle that failed inspection not being removed from service; (e) a specification cargo tank with expired inspection being in service with hazardous materials; (f) a driver's log book deliberately misrepresented; or (g) the carrier (contractor management) failing to perform random or periodic drug or substance-abuse testing.
  5. Any violation of the Hazardous Material Regulations or Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations if that violation is determined by DOT inspection and does not result in a penalty.

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